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The Armenian Genocide, in Historical past and Politics: What to Know

The Worldwide Courtroom of Justice, the best courtroom of the United Nations, dominated in January 2020 that Myanmar should take motion to guard Rohingya Muslims, who’ve been killed and pushed from their houses in what the nation’s accusers have referred to as a marketing campaign of genocide. The ruling, which has no enforcement energy, was the end result of a lawsuit filed on behalf of Muslim international locations that wished the courtroom to sentence Myanmar for violating the genocide treaty.

Turkey’s authorities has acknowledged that atrocities had been dedicated throughout that interval however has argued that a lot of Turks had been additionally killed and that the Armenian casualty figures are wildly exaggerated. A succession of Turkish leaders have denounced the genocide as a falsehood meant to undermine their account of the creation of contemporary Turkey.

Turkey’s denial of genocide is ingrained into Turkish society. Writers who’ve dared to make use of the time period have been prosecuted underneath Part 301 of Turkey’s penal code, which bans “denigrating Turkishness.”

The denial is taught at an early age, with faculty textbooks calling the genocide a lie, describing the Armenians of that interval as traitors and declaring the actions by the Ottoman Turks as “mandatory measures” in opposition to Armenian separatism.

Some have come shut. President Ronald Reagan tangentially referred to the “genocide of the Armenians” in an April 22, 1981, assertion commemorating the liberation of the Nazi demise camps.

However American presidents have typically averted describing the killings this option to keep away from any backlash from Turkey that will endanger its cooperation in regional conflicts or diplomacy.

As a presidential candidate, Mr. Biden signaled his intentions a 12 months in the past in a speech on April 24, Armenia’s official day of remembrance of the genocide. He used the time period “Armenian genocide” and asserted that “we should always remember or stay silent about this horrific and systematic marketing campaign of extermination.” And in recent times, bipartisan anger towards Mr. Erdogan has grown. In 2019, the Home and Senate handed resolutions calling the Armenian killings a genocide.

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